This policy brief presents an overview of the main findings of ESENER 2019. Following the departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 31 January 2020, the averages in this publication have been calculated for the 27 EU Member States, without the United Kingdom, both for 2019 and 2014, for the sake of comparability. They are referred to as `EU27_2020’ as shorthand for `European Union – 27 countries (from 2020)’.

More detailed results and analyses will be presented in forthcoming publications, to be published in 2022 and beyond, and available at
As for previous editions, the ESENER 2019 dataset will be accessible via GESIS, the EU Data Portal and the UK Data Archive (UKDA) by the end of 2020.